Marcellus Shale Tax Policy

Issue Spotlight: Pennsylvania's Natural Gas Impact Fee

The Effective Rates of Natural Gas Severance Taxes in Texas and West Virginia Clearly Outperform PA's Impact FeeIn 2012, Pennsylvania enacted an “impact fee” on natural gas wells drilled into Pennsylvania’s Marcellus Shale that generates a relatively small amount of revenue from the expanding gas industry. PBPC estimates that, using a “moderate” production scenario, Pennsylvania's impact fee will bring in less revenue than a severance tax comparable to that of Texas or West Virginia. As production increases over time, the gap grows larger between the revenue generated at the West Virginia or Texas tax rates and from Pennsylvania’s impact fee.

Latest Report: Gas Production Booms, Drillers’ Corporate Tax Payments Plummet

Act 13 Impact Fee: Falling Short of Severance Tax

Shale Case Studies: A Look at Shale Drilling’s Mixed Legacy

Shale Impact: Learn More About Marcellus Shale and its Impact on the Economy and Services

Responsible Growth: How a Severance Tax can Help Protect Pennsylvania

Browse Marcellus Shale Tax Publications Below

One critical value that should guide tax policy in our view is “revenue adequacy” – having enough revenue to invest in essential public goods, starting with education, and in services critical to quality of life for middle‐ and low‐income families.

"Pennsylvania is now the second largest natural gas producer in the country," testified Research Director Michael Wood before a Senate Joint Committee,"and it is time to end the excuses and enact a real severance tax."  

Gov. Tom Wolf presented his 2015-16 State Budget Proposal on March 3.  The Pennsylvania Budget and Policy Center will be posting analysis, infographics and related documents on this page as they become available. Check back often for the latest updates.

 

Responding to overwhelming public support for enacting a severance tax on natural gas production, Governor Wolf and several members of the General Assembly have released severance tax proposals in 2015. Actual production results from 2014 show that these plans would generate hundreds of millions of dollars in funding for schools, health care, environmental protection, and other critical needs.

June 9, 2014

The market value of natural gas produced in Pennsylvania exceeded $11.8 billion in 2013 yet natural gas producers pay among the lowest effective production tax rates in the country. Companies paid $223 million in impact fee for gas produced in 2013, for an effective tax rate of less than 1.9%.

March 25, 2014

The replacement of Pennsylvania natural gas impact fee with a 5% severance tax is unlikely to deter firms from drilling new wells in the state, and it will certainly not inhibit the continued operation of existing wells.

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